Autism Today
high-functioning autism

Defining High-Functioning Autism is Tricky

High-functioning autism has no formal diagnosis. There’s no agreed definition as to what can be termed as high-functioning autism. But even then, the term usually includes either or some of the following conditions.

  • A person having relatively milder symptoms of autism, which despite the mildness, have enough merit to fall under the spectrum.
  • A person who has autism but with an IQ of 70 or above.
  • Someone who has autism but can successfully work in a typical school or office environment.
  • A person who can successfully mask the symptoms of autism and cane be passed off as a neuro-typical.

What is Speech Aparaxia

High-functioning autism varies from person to person. There are no common traits that can be found in people who have the condition. At the same time, a person may be bright and accomplished and yet have several major symptoms like sensory dysfunction or anxiety that affects their daily functioning.

The bottom line is that high-functioning autism is difficult to ascertain.

Talking to Children about Their Unique Abilities

Until 2013, people who were believed to have high-functioning autism were usually diagnosed with Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) or Asperger’s syndrome. But that has been dismissed in the last five years because of the following reasons.

  • Asperger’s was a distinct diagnosis that described persons having average or higher-average intelligence and language skills appropriate for their age. They also had major communication and social challenges.
  • PDD-NOS, on the other hand, was considered a catch-all diagnosis. The diagnosis was often considered similar to high-functioning autism. It included individuals at all levels of functioning who symptoms didn’t correlate with the classic definition of autism.

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About author

Prabuddha Neogi

Foodie, lazy, bookworm, and internet junkie. All in that order. Loves to floor the accelerator. Mad about the Himalayas and its trekking trails. Former life forester. Also an occasional writer and editor

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