Problems with social interaction and communication are two of the main features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Take your pre-school child to a general practitioner or a health visitor if you notice any of the common ASD symptoms. Seek expert intervention at the first instance as ignorance may lead to compounding the situation.
- Delay in speech development. For instance, speaking 50 words or less by two years of age, or speaking nothing at all.
- Frequently repeating only some particular words or phrases.
- Speech which sounds flat and monotonous to neuro-typicals.
- Using a single word to communicate, or a few incoherent words at the most, though the child may be able to speak sentences.
Responding to others
- Not responding whenever their names are called out. This, despite having a normal hearing.
- Not responding to hugs or cuddles initiated by a parent or caregiver. But autistic children often initiate cuddle themselves.
- Reacting negatively whenever someone else asks them to do something.
Interacting with others
- An autistic child may not be aware of an individual’s personal space. They may be overtly intolerant when a person enters their own space.
- They show little or almost no interest to interact with other people, including a child of similar age.
- Not participating or enjoying a situation which is liked by children of the autistic child’s age, like birthday parties and similar events.
- One of the most common ASD symptoms is that the autistic child often prefers to play alone. They usually don’t ask other children or parents to play with them.
In most cases, a child with autism will rarely use facial expressions or gestures while communicating. One of the more common ASD symptoms is avoidance of eye contact while communicating. This is sometimes resolved to a marginal extent when the child grows up.