Autism is a complex neurobehavioral condition which includes impairments to communication skills and social interaction, combined with repetitive and rigid behaviors. The range of symptoms is called autism spectrum disorder and covers various degrees of the level of impairment. The severity ranges from high functioning autism to a more serious manifestation that may call for institutional care.
Over the past few years, questions have been raised on whether autism can be reversed. Reversing autism, today, is one of the biggest challenges faced by the medical fraternity. The only medicines available are meant to treat the overt symptoms like aggression and anxiety. But some latest tests have been carried out by neuroscientists to slow down brain activity to normal levels. Initial tests have worked well with mice and could be the first step towards the treatment of other disorders like autism. Advanced research on fragile X syndrome (FSX) and autism are currently underway.
The buzz on reversing autism is growing. Molecular biologists, biochemists, and geneticists are coming together in a bid to understand how brain cells communicate among them. Electrical psychologists are trying to identify the language of brain cell communication, while neuroscientists are working out the structural changes. Psychiatrists and behavioral neuroscientists, on their part, are mapping the behavioral changes.
While reversing autism may not be a reality soon, scientists are working closely with stem cell experts to re-engineer the cells.
All the research on reversing autism is sure to help India. The number of children with the disorder has increased manifold in the past few years.