Autism spectrum disorder, like most other neurodevelopmental issues, is usually not “curable”. Chronic autism management is required to make children overcome their social and communication difficulties.
Outcomes of autism management are variable. Specific behavioral changes takes time and majority of the children with autism remain on the spectrum, even after they grow up as adults. They continue to experience problems with their intellectual functioning, social relationships, employment, independent living, and mental health.
The primary goals of autism management involve reducing the core features and the associated deficits. Increasing the quality of life and functional independence, and alleviating family distress are the focal areas of autism management and treatment. Other areas include facilitating learning and development, lessening maladaptive behaviors, and educating and supporting families of individuals with autism so that they can attain these goals.
Interventions, ideally, should help in mitigating the key features of autism that include communication deficits and repetitive behaviors.
Optimizing medical care often has a positive impact on the quality of life of a child with autism. Medicines are to be administered as a preventive care to treat acute illnesses, sleep dysfunction, and psychiatric conditions that are the common traits of a person with autism.
Effective medical management usually helps a child to drive optimum benefits from educational interventions. Education management of children with autism not only involves academic learning but also includes socialization, picking up of adaptive skills and enhancing communication, and generalizing of abilities across various environments.